Monday, August 8, 2022

Are There Any Us Flagged Cruise Ships

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What Is A Flagged Ship

Why Cruise Ships arent registered locally. Flag of Convenience Myths Explored.

Definition: Each vessel normally flies the flag of the owner’s country. That means it is registered in the national register of that particular country. Flagging in is the process of adding a vessel to the national registry and “flagging out” is the process of removing a vessel from a national registry.

Discontinuation Of Isolation For Travelers

Note: This section applies to foreign-flagged cruise ships operating under the CSO, including those choosing to follow CSO measures on a voluntary basis.

Isolation may be discontinued for symptomatic travelers with suspected or confirmed COVID-19, or asymptomatic crew with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19, once criteria outlined in CDCs guidance for Discontinuation of Isolation for Persons with COVID-19 Not in Healthcare Settings are met. Symptomatic persons with CLI who initially test negative via COVID-19 NAAT and no alternative etiology is identified :

  • must be isolated for COVID-19 per CDC guidelines, and
  • may be retested via NAAT collected at least 24 hours after the initial COVID-19 test
  • Isolation may be discontinued if the repeat NAAT result is negative.
  • If an alternate infectious etiology is identified , routine infection control precautions recommended for the diagnosis should be followed.
  • For example, if a symptomatic person has only vomiting and diarrhea and tests negative for COVID-19 twice, then acute gastroenteritis protocols should be followed.

Which Country Has The Most Ships Registered Under Its Flag

The US used Liberias registry to build a fleet of neutral ships during the Cold War. Panama now has the largest registry in the world, followed by Liberia, the Marshall Islands, Hong Kong and Singapore.

Why are ships registered?

Reason for Registration Today it is used to document ships for ownership in order to provide definitive evidence of nationality for international treaty purposes. For example, ships flying under certain flags may be allowed into the territorial waters of a nation while other nationsships would not be.

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Are There Any Us Flagged Cruise Ships

Despite Canadas extended cruise ship ban that is set to last until 2022 the US. Since there are no shipyards building cruise ships there can be no US-flagged cruise ships.

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How Do These Laws Impact Cruise Ships

The Fourth of July And American Ships  gCaptain

While many of the major cruise brands are American-owned, the vast majority of ships are registered in other countries meaning they are foreign-flagged.

Under international law, all merchant ships must be part of a registry created by a country, and ships are subject to the laws of the country where they are registered.

Although the practice is now common around the world, it is often contentious. Vessels registered in places like the Bahamas, Panama, Liberia and Malta are often referred to negatively as flying flags of convenience. To have a cruise ship flagged in the United States, it must be built, owned, and crewed by Americans.

The modern practice of ships being registered in a foreign country began in the U.S. in the 1920s, when shipowners who wanted to serve alcohol to passengers during Prohibition began registering vessels in Panama.

FACT CHECK: Do Cruise Lines Pay US Taxes?

They soon discovered other advantages, including less-burdensome regulations as well as lower taxes and labor costs. As a result, many continued to register their ships in Panama and elsewhere long after Prohibition ended.

The rise of river cruising in the U.S. has breathed some new life into American shipbuilding and created American crew jobs, as those ships must be U.S.-registered in order to stop at multiple domestic ports.

TIMELINE: 2020 Cruise Industry Shutdown

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Where Are Carnival Cruise Ships Registered

Under the royal flag of The Netherlands/Holland are all Holland America ships . Madeira is the offshore registry of Portugal, registered in Portugal ships are from the fleets of Classic International and Iberocruceros . There are no cruise ships registered in Liberia today.

What do the flags on cruise ships mean?

Nautical flags are an international code system used for two ships to signal to each other or for a ship to signal to shore. They are also called signaling nautical flags. Two-flag signals are used mostly for distress and maneuvering.

Why Do Cruise Ships Sail Under Foreign Flags

Sail on just about any major cruise ship, and its almost certain that you are boarding a foreign vessel even if you get on the ship in the United States.

Wait, what?

Thats right. The United States is the largest cruise market in the world, and it is home to the headquarters of major cruise lines like Carnival and Royal Caribbean. Meanwhile, ships homeport in American cities from Seattle to Miami to New York, and take on thousands of American passengers each trip. Despite that, nearly all major cruise ships are actually registered in foreign nations.

So why is this the case? And what does it mean for your cruise? Heres what you should know.

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Why Is The United States Lagging

Major cruise companies are waiting for the C.D.C. to issue technical requirements to help them prepare their ships for sailings. They must then give the C.D.C. 30 days notice before starting test cruises with volunteer crew and passengers and will have to apply for a conditional sailing certificate 60 days before a planned regular voyage.

The reality is that there was no way the cruise lines could adhere to the guidelines the C.D.C. set back in October and start sailing again because they provided two-thirds of the pieces for the puzzlesaid Stewart Chiron, a cruise industry analyst and C.E.O. of the site cruiseguy.com, referring to the missing technical details in the conditional sailing order.

They are waiting for it now and they expect them to update their guidance because it was issued before the vaccines were rolled out and a lot has changed since then, Mr. Chiron added.

Cruise executives say they expect the C.D.C. to issue the technical requirements soon.

Definition Of A Covid

2 Cruise Ships With 4 Dead and Dozens Showing Virus Symptoms Head to Florida | TODAY
  • A positive viral test result for COVID-19 in any traveler
  • COVID-19-like illness in any traveler with:
  • a negative or repeatedly inconclusive/invalid test result for COVID-19 and with no other laboratory-confirmed respiratory pathogens , or
  • an unavailable test result .
  • The following persons are not included when determining a ships color status:
  • passengers who test positive on day of embarkation who do not board the ship, or
  • newly embarking crew members who test positive during quarantine.
  • Green Ship Criteria

    • No reports of COVID-19 or COVID-19-like illness for 7 days, as determined by a qualified medical professional, and
    • On-time daily submission of EDC form during past 7 days.

    Orange Ship Criteria

    • COVID-19 or CLI has been reported in the past 7 days, and the ship is below CDCs investigation threshold:
    • Restricted Voyages:
    • Cases reported in less than 0.10% of passengers , and
    • No crew cases reported.
  • Cases reported in less than 1.5% of passengers, and
  • Cases reported in less than 1.0% of crew.
  • Ships with Crew Only .
  • Cases reported in less than 1.0% of crew.
  • Yellow Ship Criteria

    • Ship is at or above CDCs investigation threshold:
    • Restricted Voyages:
    • Cases reported in 0.10% or more of passengers , or
    • This percentage includes passenger cases occurring within 5 days of disembarkation that CDC was notified of by state or local health departments.
  • One or more cases reported in crew.
  • Simulated Voyages:
  • Cases reported in 1.5% or more of passengers, or
  • Ships with Crew Only .
    • OR

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    What Safety Measures Will Be In Place

    With coronavirus measures constantly changing, it is difficult to predict exactly what cruises will look like, especially in the United States.

    Last year, the Cruise Lines International Association, the industry group that represents most of the largest cruise companies, announced a mandatory set of health protocols that will be implemented as part of a phased-in resumption of operations.

    The core elements include:

    Why Do Ships Sail Under Foreign Flags

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    Why do most cruise ships fly under foreign flags?

    Most cruise ships sail under foreign flags because they were built abroad for the following reasons: a) U.S. labor costs for ships, officers, and crew, in addition to maritime unions, are too high to compete in the world market.

    what do flags on ships mean?flagsshipsshipflagsflag

    Contents

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    Registering A Ship In The Us

    For a ship to be US-flagged they ship must have been built in a US shipyard. The majority of large cruise ships are built in either Italy or Germany, while US shipyards build military and cargo vessels.

    Originally ordered by American Classic Voyages using US government loans, construction on Pride of America started in Mississippi, but was halted after ACV filed for bankruptcy.

    To sell the unfinished ship & get their money back, the US government and NCL negotiated a deal. NCL was granted an exemption to finish the ship in Germany and still register under the US flag.

    The ship also has to pay the US minimum wage and have a certain percentage of US crew members onboard. NCL is also responsible for paying their US crew overtime, which can be substantial for the hours cruise ship crew typically work. This can be VERY expensive when compared to paying for the crew from places like the Philipines.

    Disembarking Travelers To Obtain Medical Care

    Many older cruise ships may not survive the pandemic ...

    Note: This section applies to foreign-flagged cruise ships operating under the CSO, including those choosing to follow CSO measures on a voluntary basis.

    Cruise lines are responsible for the medical care of ill or infected persons on board, including those who need hospitalization on board. Cruise ship operators should have clear protocols that avoid medical evacuations at sea to the extent possible for COVID-19 and non-COVID-19-related medical reasons. Protocols must rely on commercial resources for unavoidable medical evacuations at sea and be designed to minimize the burden on federal , state, and local government resources. All medical evacuations at sea must be coordinated with the U.S. Coast Guard.

    • Traveler must wear a face mask covering their mouth and nose during the disembarkation process and throughout transportation to the shoreside healthcare facility, if a mask can be tolerated and does not interfere with medical treatment .
    • If a traveler is known to be infected with or has symptoms compatible with COVID-19:
    • All escorting personnel should wear appropriate proper PPE per CDC guidance.
    • The cruise ship operator must ensure a separate pathway or sanitary corridor where the disembarking traveler will exit with their personal belongings such as luggage.
    • The pathway used for disembarkation, any potentially contaminated surfaces along the pathway, and any equipment used should be cleaned and disinfected immediately after disembarkation .

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    Why Are Cruise Ships Registered In Malta

    shipregisteredshipsMaltashipsregistered

    Why are cruise ships registered in valletta?

    Ship-owners registering their vessels under the Malta flag may benefit from the following advantages: Efficient procedures for the registration of vessels and mortgages over such vessels. Automatic exemption from income tax on income derived from shipping activities of Maltese vessels of 1000 net tons and over.

    where are most cruise ships registered?Panama

    Contents

    But Why Do Cruise Ships Have To Call On Foreign Ports

    The reasoning is a bit convoluted, but it’s tied to the Merchant Marine Act of 1920, which, in part, regulates the transportation of goods and people on ships that aren’t registered in the United States.

    These rules were put in place in an effort to encourage shipping and passenger cruise companies to build ships in the U.S. By building them there, companies are able to register them there, which allows the United States to collect taxes on the vessels and allows the vessels to freely sail in U.S. waters.

    In general terms, foreign-flagged cruise ships are required to visit at least one non-U.S. port so that they cannot benefit from sailing exclusively within U.S. waters while simultaneously skirting U.S. tax and labor laws.

    The original thought was that this would also limit the amount of business that would be taken away from U.S.-flagged ships by foreign-flagged ones.

    As such, the law requires that all goods transported between United States ports be carried by U.S.-built, -flagged, -owned and -crewed vessels.

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    World’s Most Popular Cruise Ships Flags Of Convenience

  • The list of Bahamas-registered cruise ships includes some of the largest passenger ships in the world from the fleets of RCCL, NCL, and Carnival.
  • Under the Panamanian flag operate 2 major cruise ship companies – Carnival and MSC Cruises .
  • Bermudian Flag of Convenience and Cruise Weddings. Bermuda is offering its offshore registry for UK-owned ships since 1974. First, the P& O Cruises line changed its cruise ships’ flags from London to Hamilton. Most of the Bermuda-flagged cruise ships are from the fleets of Princess, P& O, and Cunard. And the main reason for that is the Bermudian flag of convenience allows captains to perform onboard weddings .
  • Under the Italian flag are Costa and AIDA, with all vessels being registered in Genoa.
  • Under the flag of Malta are the RCCL brands Celebrity and TUI. In Malta are also registered the ships of Celestyal Cruises transferred away from the expensive flag of Greece.
  • Under the royal flag of The Netherlands/Holland are all Holland America ships .
  • Madeira is the offshore registry of Portugal, registered in Portugal ships are from the fleets of Classic International and Iberocruceros .
  • There are no cruise ships registered in Liberia today. For many years, Carnival, Royal Caribbean and Celebrity operated under the Liberian flag, but the dictator Charles Taylor changed all that. Under the Liberian flag of convenience, today sail many cargo ships, though.
  • All Galapagos-based ships are Ecuador-flagged.
  • The Passenger Vessel Services Act Says Foreign Ports Are Required

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    Most people havent heard of the Passenger Vessel Services Act, which is also known as the PVSA. This law was first enacted in the 1880s as a way to protect American shipping interests. In effect, it says that ships transporting passengers between U.S. ports need be an American vessel.

    Since NCLs Pride of America is an American-flagged cruise ship, it is able to sail passengers around Hawaii without issue.

    However, foreign ships have different rules to follow. They can still carry passengers from American ports, but only if the itinerary meets certain requirements.

    Specifically, federal code says the following about moving passengers on a foreign vessel from a U.S. port:

    • If a passenger is on a trip only to another U.S. port and leaves the ship , this is a violation of the law.
    • If a passenger is on a trip to U.S. ports and a nearby foreign port, but disembarks permanently in the U.S. somewhere other than the embarkation port, this is a violation.
    • If a passenger is on a trip to U.S. ports and a distant foreign port, then the passenger can end the trip at another U.S. port, assuming the passenger visited the foreign port before disembarking.

    These three interpretations have a big impact on cruise itineraries. Lets look at each one a little closer.

    If a passenger is on a trip only to another U.S. port and leaves the ship , this is a violation of the law.

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    Why Are Cruise Ships Not Registered In The Us

    In short, nearly all cruise ships are incorporated or flagged outside of the U.S. for several reasons. But one of the most crucial is that U.S. law requires that ships registered domestically must also have been built in this country. … But that is not to say cruise lines do not pay domestic taxes.

    Why Are Cruise Ships Not Flagged

    The simple answer to this question is because there is a 1830s law on the books that states that foreign-flagged ships are not supposed to transport passengers from one U.S. port to another without stopping in a foreign country. The cruise ship must be owned by a U.S. company. It must also be registered in the U.S.

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    Current Coastal And Ocean

    Name
    Eastern Shipbuilding Group in Panama City, FloridaFormerly Spirit of Discovery
    Blount Boats Shipyard in Warren, Rhode IslandFormerly Spirit of Alaska
    Blount Boats Shipyard in Warren, Rhode IslandFormerly Spirit of Columbia
    Nichols Bros. Boat Builders in Freeland, WashingtonFormerly MS Sea Bird, Majestic Explorer
    National Geographic Sea LionNichols Bros. Boat Builders in Freeland, WashingtonFormerly MS Sea Lion, Great Rivers Explorer
    The LegacyBender Shipbuilding & Repair in Mobile, AlabamaFormerly Wilderness Legacy, Safari Legacy, Spirit of 98
    Formerly Nantucket Clipper, Spirit of Nantucket, Spirit of Glacier Bay
    Safari EndeavorFormerly Spirit of Endeavor, Newport Clipper
    Wilderness AdventurerBlount Boats Shipyard in Warren, Rhode IslandFormerly Caribbean Prince
    Blount Boats Shipyard in Warren, Rhode IslandFormerly Mayan Prince
    Nichols Bros. Boat Builders in Freeland, Washington
    American Constitution
    Nichols Bros. Boat Builders in Freeland, Washington

    Will Vaccinations Be Required

    Good First Cruise Experience

    Some companies are reluctant to depend on testing alone, after the SeaDream 1, a ship that had aspired to be a model for a safe return to cruising, cut short its Caribbean voyage last year because several passengers tested positive for the coronavirus, despite the fact theyd had a negative test before boarding.

    Most major cruise lines have not decided whether they will require vaccinations for future sailings and are waiting for further scientific guidance once inoculation becomes more widespread around the globe.

    In Britain, Saga Cruises and P & O said that they would require all guests to be fully vaccinated before boarding their ships throughout 2021. Royal Caribbean announced sailings from Israel to Greece in May, where all crew members and passengers over the age of 16 must be vaccinated.

    It is really exciting to see how quickly and dramatically the science has advanced, even in just a few weeks, said Richard D. Fain, chairman and C.E.O. of the Royal Caribbean Group. Weve been getting more and more experience with sailings abroad out of Germany, Singapore, the Canary Islands and Italy and we will continue to learn and adapt as new knowledge and scientific discoveries like the vaccine come to the fore.

    Follow New York Times Travel on, and. And to receive expert tips on traveling smarter and inspiration for your next vacation. Dreaming up a future getaway or just armchair traveling? Check out our 52 Places list for 2021.

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